Posted by Tucker Accounting Services LLC

Barter Transaction and Your Taxes

Barter Transaction and Your Taxes

Barter transaction happens when a business and another one exchange services with one another. While there are no funds exchanged with barter transactions, Uncle Sam believes you need to pay taxes and it can also affect one's tax liability, employment, and state taxes like other forms of income.. 

You need to pay taxes on barter income in the year the transaction took place. The income from such activity is classified as standard income form on the necessary tax return for the business.

When Uncle Sam specified that barter transaction might increase a taxpayer’s tax liability, it means just like other income, items like self-employment tax for the business owner might increase. It might also generate various income types that can be taxed. 


Reporting Such Income to the IRS

Like any other income, a barter is considered and treated as income to a business. As a result, one needs to report it on IRS form 1099B. Anyone who gets a barter transaction from an individual or another business in a year, the other business will have to submit Form 1099B to reveal the value of the amount your business got via the barter trade. This is the reasonable market value of the service or product in question. 

Your business needs to get this form by mid-February of the coming year. Also, all barter income from all sources must be included in your business's income tax return, alongside other income. As a result, Uncle Sam believes that there is no significant difference between barter income and other income when you consider taxes. 

However, there are some exceptions that guide the reporting of the barter transaction. As a result, one might not need  to report barter transaction that meets the following criteria:

  • Less than a thousand transaction in one year

  • Less than $1

  • That involves some "exempt foreign individual."

Also, Uncle Sam exempts transactions that involve clients or corporate members of barter exchange which might be reported using an aggregate basis. 


Reporting barter Income: IRS Form 1099B

Form 1099B is one of the series of forms in the 1099 family. The business or party who paid for the entire barter transaction in a year must complete it. For instance, if you bartered your lawn care service for various exchanges in a given year, such services' value must appear on the form. Other parties involved will complete their 1099B form that will reveal the value of their products or services rendered to you.

There are cases one might require a 1099 MISC form to cater for barter exchanges. Don't hesitate to consult your tax advisor before trying to complete such. 


Barter Transaction and Your taxes

You might be able to deduct all expenses that arise from your barter transaction as qualified and legitimate business expenses. 

For instance, if you barter a therapist service and you had to travel to meet your patients, you might be able to deduct the expenses from business travel. These expenses can bring down your income that will result from the barter transaction. 


A few words from the IRS about Barter

In wrapping up, income and expenses involved in barter transactions are treated the same way one treats other business income and expenses when considering the effect on the business' tax liability alongside the type and amount of taxes one needs to pay. 

Uncle Sam reminds taxpayers:

Make sure to have your records and consider only qualified barter exchange. Consider barter income as any other regular business activities and get in touch with the IRS if you have any questions.


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