Posted by Elliot Kravitz, ATP

Changes to Contribution Limits

Changes to Contribution Limits

Thanks to the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) cost-of-living adjustment, you can save more money on retirement plans and health savings accounts (HSAs) by 2020. This year, good news to those who are proactive with their health savings retirement or want to increase their savings game.

Let's summarize what the changes could mean for your retirement plans, whether you're saving money or just getting started.

Key Points to Note

  • Annual contribution limits have also been set for health savings accounts (which can save on retirement costs). 2020 limits: $ 3,550 for people with individual health coverage and $ 7,100 for those covered by qualified family plans. If you are 55 years or older next year, those limits will be $ 1,000 higher.

  • Do you own a small business, a contractor, or are you self-employed? You can have a single 401 (k) or SEP IRA, which allows you to contribute to the employer and employees. The maximum individual contribution limit of 401 (k) and SEP IRA increases by $ 1,000 in 2020, to reach $ 57,000

  • If you have a SIMPLE retirement account, your contribution limit for the following year is $ 13,500, which is $500 more than that of 2019. If you are 50 or over in 2020, your contribution limit annual for The SIMPLE plan is $ 16,500. 

  • The annual contribution limits for 401 (k), 403 (b), the Federal Savings Plan, and most of the 457 plans also receive an increase of $ 500. The new annual contribution limit is $ 19,500. If you are 50 years or over at any time in 2020, your annual contribution limit for any of these accounts is $ 26,000.

  • This year, those who qualify can contribute up to $ 6,000 to any IRA. The limit is $ 7,000 if you are 50 or over in 2020.

401 (K) limits and other employer-sponsored plans for 2020

Starting in fiscal 2020, contribution limits are increased from $19,000 to $19,500 for specific types of retirement accounts, including 403 (b), 401 (k), most of the 457 plans, and the federal government's savings plan.

Some pension plans have a lower limit, so check the details of the employer's plan. The individual retirement account (IRA) contribution limits remain at $ 6,000.

Increase your retirement savings with these new contribution limits

A $500 increase in pension contributions may not seem like much (it's only $ 41.66 more per month), but it can lower your taxable income. And thanks to the strength of compound interest, retirement savings can grow faster each year.

For example, suppose you are now 45 and plan to retire at 65. Decide to maximize your 401(k) contribution by increasing it by $500 starting in 2020. Maintain your contribution level until retirement. Over the next twenty years, assuming an annual rate of return of 6%, you could have an additional $18,900 in retirement savings.

Think about what you could do in retirement with over $ 18,000 more: pay off a heavy debt, take a great family vacation, or buy something you've always wanted.

Collection Contribution limits for 2020

Contributors over 50 can save more in the employer's plan (if the plan allows) in 2020, to help them meet their retirement goals. Maximum annual recovery contributions have been increased from $ 6,000 to $ 6,500 for many eligible plans such as 401 (k), 403 (b), most of the 457 plans, and the federal government's savings plan.

Consider increasing your current values to maximize your pension contributions. Note that the IRA recovery contribution limit has not been increased; that's another $ 1,000.

Updates to the income limit for IRA contributions

You can only contribute to a Roth IRA up to a specific income level. This limit has been increased. To contribute the full amount, you must earn less than: 

• $ 124,000 if you are a Head of Household or Single.

• $ 196,000 if you are married filing jointly.

If you already contribute to an employer-sponsored plan, such as a 401 (k). Also, you can contribute to a traditional IRA. However, there are limitations to what you can deduct in taxes based on income. Depending on how much money you earn, you can deduct more from your IRA contributions in taxes. 

HSA 2020 Contribution Limits Increased

If you are already over 401 (k) or other pension contributions, we recommend that you put pre-tax dollars in an HSA, if you have one. Unlike a Flexible Spending Account (FSA), you have an HSA, and it can be renewed annually. It also offers a triple tax advantage: the money you invest is tax-free, and you pay no tax when you withdraw money to pay your medical bills.

Taking advantage of the increase in your HSA contribution limits for 2020 can help you pay for future health-related expenses during retirement:

  • For your protection, you can now save $ 3,550 per year.

  • To cover the family, the new limit is $ 7,100.


SEP, or Simplified Pension for Employees, is an IRA for the self-employed and small business owners. It allows entrepreneurs with one or more employees or any independent contractor or a freelancer that earns at least $600 in compensation, to contribute to a SEP IRA.

One important difference is that employees cannot contribute to the account on their own. But, like a traditional IRA, money in a SEP account is not taxed until it is withdrawn. The contribution limit for a SEP IRA is now $ 57,000, up from $ 56,000 in 2019.



Elliot Kravitz, ATP
Contact Member