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Posted by Tiffany Gaskin

Tax Credits That Reduce Business Taxes & Help You Save

Tax Credits That Reduce Business Taxes & Help You Save

As a business owner, it is crucial to be aware of the various tax credits available to reduce your business taxes. Tax credits are a form of tax relief that allows you to reduce your tax bill dollar-for-dollar. This means that if you have a tax credit of $1,000, you can reduce your tax bill by $1,000.

There are many tax credits available to businesses, but in this article, we will focus on some of the most recent ones. Let's dive in and explore these tax credits in detail.

Employee Retention Tax Credit (ERTC)

The Employee Retention Tax Credit (ERTC) was introduced as part of the CARES Act in March 2020. The ERTC is a tax credit that provides financial relief to businesses that were adversely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The ERTC is designed to help businesses keep their employees on the payroll, even if they are not currently working.

The ERTC is available to eligible employers who retained employees during the pandemic. The credit is equal to 50% of qualified wages paid to eligible employees, up to a maximum of $10,000 per employee. The credit is available for wages paid between March 13, 2020, and December 31, 2021.

To be eligible for the ERTC, businesses must meet certain criteria. The business must have experienced a significant decline in gross receipts or have been subject to a government shutdown order due to COVID-19. The business must also have had fewer than 500 employees in 2019.

Research and Development Tax Credit

The Research and Development (R&D) tax credit is designed to encourage businesses to invest in research and development. The credit is equal to a percentage of the qualified research expenses (QREs) incurred by a business. The R&D tax credit was made permanent in 2015 and is available to businesses of all sizes.

Qualified research expenses include wages paid to employees for performing research and development activities and amounts paid or incurred for supplies used in the research and development process.

The credit rate for the R&D tax credit is 20% for businesses that have incurred QREs in the current year that exceed 50% of the average QREs for the three preceding tax years. For businesses that have not incurred QREs in any of the three preceding tax years, the credit rate is 14%.

Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC)

The Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) is a federal tax credit that encourages businesses to hire individuals from certain targeted groups who have consistently faced significant barriers to employment. These groups include veterans, individuals receiving government assistance, ex-felons, and individuals with disabilities.

The WOTC is equal to a percentage of the wages paid to eligible employees during their first year of employment. The credit amount varies depending on the target group the employee belongs to and the number of hours worked during the first year of employment.

The maximum credit amount is $9,600 per eligible employee. To be eligible for the WOTC, businesses must complete and submit Form 8850, Pre-Screening Notice and Certification Request for the Work Opportunity Credit, within 28 days after the employee's start date.

Section 179 Expense Deduction

The Section 179 expense deduction is a tax deduction that allows businesses to deduct the full cost of certain types of property in the year that the property is placed in service rather than depreciating the cost over several years.

Qualified property includes equipment, machinery, furniture, and some types of software. The Section 179 expense deduction limit for 2022 is $1,050,000, and the maximum amount of equipment purchased that can be expensed under Section 179 for 2022 is $2,620,000.

The Section 179 expense deduction is particularly beneficial for small businesses that need to purchase equipment or machinery to grow their business. By deducting the full cost of the equipment in the year it is placed in service, businesses can save money on their taxes and free up cash flow.

It is worth noting that the Section 179 expense deduction is subject to certain limitations. For example, businesses can only claim the deduction if they have taxable income from their business. Additionally, the deduction cannot exceed the taxable income of the business.

Employee Benefit Programs

Employee benefits programs are another way for businesses to reduce their tax liability. Several types of employee benefit programs are available, including health insurance, retirement plans, and education assistance programs.

Health insurance premiums paid by employers are generally tax-deductible. Employers can also offer their employees retirement plans, such as 401(k) plans, which are tax-deductible. Businesses can attract and retain employees by offering these types of benefit programs while reducing their tax liability.


In conclusion, businesses can use several tax credits and deductions to help reduce their tax liability. By taking advantage of these tax incentives, businesses can save money on their taxes and free up cash flow to invest in their business.

However, it is important to note that the eligibility requirements and limitations for each tax credit and deduction vary. Therefore, businesses should consult with a tax professional to determine which tax incentives are applicable to their specific situation.

By being aware of these tax credits and deductions, businesses can take advantage of the opportunities available to reduce their tax liability and improve their bottom line.



Tiffany Gaskin
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