Posted by Valderas Financial Solutions LLC

Tax Deductions For Seniors and Retirees

Tax Deductions For Seniors and Retirees

The life of a retiree should only be canvas boats and golf trips on weekends. (This may be true if you've made a fortune in your career). For the rest of us: we will try to find deductions, credits, and tips to manage our tax obligations.

If you are old or retired, understand and take advantage of the deductions available to reduce your income tax each year. These are some of the most significant tax deductions.

Standard deduction

Each taxpayer can make the standard deduction or detail the personal deductions in IRS Schedule A. It is necessary to make the standard deduction if personal deductions (mainly mortgage interest, property taxes, medical expenses, and charitable contributions) are less than the applicable standard deduction. The Law on Tax Reduction and Employment, the massive tax reform law that came into force in 2018, almost doubled the standard deduction. As a result, approximately 90% of all taxpayers, including seniors, will receive the standard deduction.

People aged 65 and over before December 31 of the year are entitled to a higher standard deduction than young people. You can claim the highest deduction only if your husband is over 65 and has an average return.

Charitable contributions

Withdrawal is a time when many people think of giving back to their community by contributing to philanthropic endeavors. These contributions are deductible as itemized deductions; however, they are subject to particular limitations. Cash contributions of up to 60% of the appropriate gross income are deductible each year as an itemized deduction.

If you give an ineffective property to a qualified organization, you can generally deduct the fair market value of the property. However, if the value of the property has been appreciated, some changes may be necessary. However, if you donate a boat, car, or plane, your deduction will generally be limited to the gross income of your charitable sale. This rule applies if the declared value of the given vehicle exceeds $ 500.

Since charitable contributions are only deductible if they are detailed, you can group them in one year to have enough personal deductions to specify the items. For example, it is possible to make substantial charitable donations in one year and not to offer them for one or more years.

Medical and dental expenses

Medical and dental expenses are generally a significant expense for retirees. Opportunely, some of these charges are deductible if your personal information is detailed. These include home care, long-term care insurance premiums, health insurance premiums (including Medicare premiums), prescription drugs, and most other health care costs.

If the deductions are detailed, the medical and dental expenses will be deducted from the income taxes shown in Table A of the income tax return. However, they are subjected to a limit. For 2018, the limit is about 7.5% of the taxpayer's appropriate gross income (GAT), which means that only expenses greater than 7.5% of the taxpayer's GAT are deductible. For example, if the 2018 AGI is $ 100,000, only medical and dental expenses greater than 7.5% will be deductible.

The deduction rules for medical and dental expenses have changed since 2019. During this year, only medical and dental expenses exceeding 10% of the taxpayer's AGI are deductible.

Sell your house

Retirees often sell their homes to move to smaller communities or retiree communities. If you have lived in your home for a long time, you may have significant capital and make a considerable profit from the sale. Fortunately, you may not need to pay income tax. If you live in your home for at least two of the five years preceding the sale of your home, the benefit of selling up to $ 250,000 for individual taxpayers and $ 500,000 for married taxpayers filing a joint return is not taxable.

Contributions to the pension plan

Being retired or semi-retired does not mean that you cannot pay tax-deductible contributions to pension plans such as the IRA. People over 50 have higher contribution limits for traditional IRA, Roth IRA and 401 (k) accounts.

You may decide to contribute to a Roth IRA. You will pay taxes on the income you are now contributing, but your pension benefits are not tax-exempt. This means you do not have to pay taxes on interest or other income from your Roth IRA investments.

Retirees who operate may also establish individual SEP-IRA, simple IRA, Keogh, and 401 (k) plans with higher contribution limits for those over 55 years of age.

Sales expenses

Many retirees proceed to run their own businesses or create new ones. For example, some retirees work part-time as consultants for their former employers and other clients. Having a business (full-time or part-time) is a great way to get tax deductions. You can deduct all necessary business expenses from your company's earnings, provided they are reasonable. This includes business travel, the company's equipment costs, such as computers and internal or external offices. If you lose an asset, you can deduct it from other income, such as your pension. More information can be found in the Property section on corporate taxes and deductions.

Valderas Financial Solutions LLC
Contact This Member