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Posted by Dennis Jao

Abandoned Property

Abandoned Property

What is an abandoned property?

The abandoned property is unused property, an inactive account, or an asset that has been transferred to the state after several years of inactivity or neglect. States have unclaimed property divisions that focus on managing and recovering unclaimed property, known as escheatment. Businesses will typically follow this route after two to five years of inactivity.

Understanding abandoned properties

Once an asset is registered as unclaimed, a certain amount of time, called inactive, must pass before it can be considered unclaimed and turned over to the state. In the United States, state law determines when an asset is considered legally abandoned. Conditions vary from state to state, although it normally takes at least two years for a property to acquire that status.

States have abandoned real estate units that focus on collecting, managing, and distributing abandoned properties. These divisions allow abandoned properties to be routed to a state organization rather than to the business in which they are held or released.

Some states retain the property and allow the original owners and heirs to claim it indefinitely. In other jurisdictions, if a property is not claimed for a long time, it may become state property through a process known as escheatment. In many cases, abandoned assets will be auctioned off or converted to cash for more affordable protection. The assets of each state can be used to support its activities. These assets generally represent only a small percentage of government revenue, less than 1%.

Types of abandoned properties

Abandoned goods take many forms and can be intangible or tangible. Unclaimed assets can include lands, real estate, and safes, unpaid wages, life insurance policies, and securities held in financial accounts, such as mutual funds, bonds, and stocks.

In some states (i.e., Massachusetts), a bank account that has been inactive or abandoned for three years or more will be turned over to the state.

The benefits of abandoned property

The concept that the state you live in can take over your account if you don't log in for a while may not seem fair. However, in reality, abandoned property laws have been established to protect consumers.

In many cases, returning unclaimed funds to the state makes it easier for people to claim what is rightfully theirs. Previously, ownership would have remained at the level of the financial institution (F.I.) or other entity in its possession. This meant that there was no centralized channel to recover unclaimed assets and that these resources remained in the hands of the parties, with little incentive to locate their missing owners.

It is also generally accepted that any property not claimed for a long time is used in the public interest. In other words, when it comes to selling, it is better to return the abandoned property to public homes than to enrich people in the private sector.

Financial institutions with hidden accounts are required by law to make efforts, such as sending reminders and issuing notifications, to identify the owners of those assets before transferring ownership to the state.

Recovery of abandoned properties

The National Association of Unclaimed Property Administrators (NAUPA) was created to help consumers recover their unclaimed property. In partnership with government agencies, NAUPA has created a database that allows consumers to verify property records of the government. Unclaimed in any U.S. state where you have lived. Individuals can also search for unclaimed property on state-sponsored websites.

Owners of unclaimed property can easily claim their property by submitting a claim. States have processes in place to actively identify owners of unclaimed property. They can search government documents to locate and identify, often by contacting them through various means.

Usually, only half of a state's unclaimed property is recovered each year, providing additional income to U.S. states through the unclaimed property. Some states maintain online records of unclaimed assets and hidden accounts. This allows the rightful owners to claim the goods even after the renunciation rights have been granted to the state.

However, these efforts are ultimately subject to state law, and states may impose a statute of limitations limiting claims after a set period of time. Limitation laws often help protect states that sell assets or spend funds for their own use, making those assets less recoverable over time.


  • Abandoned property refers to unclaimed, unused, or neglected accounts or assets that have been turned over to the government for safekeeping.

  • Each state has exemption laws that determine when an asset is considered legally abandoned and how to recover it.

  • You can check through free online tools or with your state to claim an unclaimed property in your name.



Dennis Jao
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