Tax Deductions VS Income Tax Exemptions & What You Need To Know - Tax Professionals Member Article By KLSM CPA Firm PLLC
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Tax Deductions VS Income Tax Exemptions & What You Need To Know

Tax Deductions VS Income Tax Exemptions & What You Need To Know

The term ‘income tax' means a lot of things to various people, possibly because there are similar technical terms like tax benefit, tax deduction, income tax exemption, and the like. Sometimes these terms can be switched for one another and used wrongly. This is a significant reason you should have an insight into the meanings of these words.

Tax deductions can be referred to as claims made to minimize your taxable income from diverse enterprises and total expenditure incurred by a taxpayer. Therefore, income tax deduction helps in reducing your total tax liability. It’s a unique tax benefit that helps in saving tax. Nevertheless, the total amount of tax that can be saved is highly dependent on the type of tax benefit you use.

The benefits of tax deductions are not limited to the following alone.

It decreases the income subject to the highest tax bracket. Therefore, it’s possible to lay claims to deductions for the expenses incurred on medical bills, tuition fees, and other charitable acts expenses.

Tax deductions play a beneficial role in minimizing the cost of your taxable income; it equally saves tax. The moment you lay claims on an income tax deduction, it drastically cuts down the portion of your income that is subject to tax.

Finally, tax deductions help you save and enable you to invest your money in other areas of interest. 

On the other hand, income tax exemptions are only provided on specific sources of income, not on your total income. It could also imply that you don't have to pay tax for earnings coming from that source. For instance, Usually, yields from agriculture are not included under the tax; it’s an exemption. 

Also, long-term capital profits from selling a property can serve as reinvestment in a real estate property or special bonds in a time frame to get an exemption.

The working class that earn salaries are entitled to house rent allowance as part of their salary. This part can be used to lay hold on the tax exemption claim in certain situations.

Whereas tax deductions are usually claimed on the gross total income. 

Special expenses and investments are put into consideration to lay claims to it. For instance, premium payment for medical insurance, interest repayment for specific purposes like education loans, and investment in specific mutual funds are considered for these deductions.

Furthermore, salary earners are entitled to some reductions from their gross salary. This drastically reduces their taxable income, which automatically brings down the tax payable.

To encourage investments, sometimes the government may offer some tax exemption entities to invest in. These entities are excluded from single or multiple taxation laws. Investments in specific schemes are equally exempted. The money that is deposited under this kind of scheme is usually exempted from tax at the beginning of the investment, correlating interest and when paying out returns. 


You'd agree that tax exemption and tax deduction are both means of lowering taxable income. They are types of tax relief made available by the government. Nevertheless, tax exemptions can also mean total relief from taxes, tax on only a part of your income, or low rates. Tax deductions are the special expense that taxpayers can deduct from their taxable income. 

Tax exemption and Tax deductions are worth various amounts depending on the taxpayer because it’s all connected to the taxpayer's marginal tax rate. This would mean it varies for individuals depending on their profession or the type of business they run.


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