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Posted by Tiffany Gaskin

Understanding Form 1099-OID: Original Issue Discount

Understanding Form 1099-OID: Original Issue Discount

For everyone that will include some amount of OID in their tax income, they must file Form 1099 OID. We refer to OID as the leftover from the redemption price of obligation when it matures compared to the issue price. This amount is taxable at a particular interest over the life of the obligation.

Generally, bond, note, certificate, debenture, or anything to prove indebtedness with more than a year term applies. OID terms apply to time deposits, certificate of deposits, bonus savings plans, and other forms of arrangements. This rule also bounds treasury securities protected from inflation. 

Who does 1099-OID apply to?

For everyone with at least $10 OID in their gross income, they will get Form 1099-OID. The person who gave the form withheld and made payment for international tax for OID on your behalf. It could also be that you already withheld all federal income tax with the rules for backup withholding even with an OID amount less than $10

Uses of Form 1099-OID

If you have an Original issue document, you will use form 1099-OID to report it as part of your income.  It is the date issued that determines how they will estimate the OID that is on long term debt. Any instrument that was issued after the first of July 1982 will have unique rules.

There might be a premium, market discount, or acquisition premium on debt instruments gotten after the date it was ally issued. You might have to adjust any OID you get that has acquisition premium or premium itself. 

The rules binding inclusion of OID in income do not include exempt obligations, U.S. savings bonds, and loans $10,000 or lower between folks with nothing to do with lending money.

Reading Form 1099-OID

The form will have your account number and some portion, or all of your Social Security Number (SSN), Tax Identification Number (TIN), adoption taxpayer identification number, individual taxpayer identification number, or employer identification number. 

Uncle Sam considers you a nominee if you have an OID debt instrument and you get a 1099-OID that reveals your TIN with the amount for someone else. It is essential to file a separate 1099-OID for every distinct owner, each showing the corresponding OID. There is also the reporting requirement for each form. 

There will be additional info on the form, like the OID for the taxable obligation for the year owned. This will reflect as interest income on your tax return. The amount that will reflect is a factor of the debt instrument type, the date of acquisition, and others. 

Taxpayers can get every type of 1099 OID on the IRS webpage.

OID is not the same as qualified interest indicated on the tax. Provided you held the obligation for a whole year, you will need to report it as interest income on the tax form. There are special filing instructions, which might also exempt your interest from taxes if you acquired or disposed of the obligation from another holder in the year.

For people that let go of their interest or the capital amount by taking from the money before the obligation's date of maturity, there is the provision to deduct this amount to estimate your AGI on your tax form.

The data that will reflect on your form might not be the same with covered and no covered securities. People that held real estate mortgage investment conduit (REMIC), as well as a common interest, alongside collateralized debt obligation (CDO) interests, might also have specific filing instructions.


As long as you report unique interest and investment income, 1099-OID is a necessary form that will reflect this on your tax return. With this form, you have the right data for your tax return. Make sure to work with a tax expert to help you further.



Tiffany Gaskin
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